The Grand Bazaar (Kapalıçarşı or Büyük Çarşı) is one of the world’s oldest and largest indoor markets. With 11 gated entrances, 64 streets and around 4,000 shops covering 40,000 square meters, there are endless opportunities to bargain for a quality souvenir. Construction of the bazaar began in 1461, after Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror captured the city. It grew from there and went onto become the center of Mediterranean commerce up until the first half of the 19th century. Historically, the shops were clustered according to guild in different sections, hans or streets. Gold sellers sat side-by-side, as did leather sellers, silver makers, jewelers and more. Much of this layout survives to the present day. Set aside at least three hours to take pictures, buy souvenirs and get lost in the way this vast and wondrous bazaar touches all the five sense! The Grand Bazaar is open everyday except Sunday.