The Istanbul Archaeological Museums (İstanbul Arkeoloji Müzeleri) contains over 2,000 artifacts from Before the Christ to the 20th century over three buildings: The Archaeological Museum, Museum of the Ancient Orient, and the Tiled Kiosk Museum. Osman Hamdi Bey, a famous 19th-century painter and archaeologist, was the museum’s first director and curator who contributed greatly to growing the diverse collections under the Ottoman Empire. Today, visitors to the museums can view items from the Prehistoric and Archaic periods, the Roman Empire, and the Seljuk and Ottoman eras. Exhibits also cover collections from Egypt, Mesopotamia and Anatolia – including displays of Pre-Islamic Arab art. Noted pieces include the Sarcophagus of Alexander, the Sarcophagus of the Crying Women, the Tabnit Sarcophagus, and part of the bronze snake's head from the 2,500-year-old Serpentine Column located in the Istanbul's Hippodrome.